Bookbinding is an artistic craft of great antiquity. It is a specialized trade that relies on basic operations of measuring, cutting, and gluing. A finished book might need dozens of operations to complete, according to the specific style and materials.
Bookbinding combines skills from other trades such as paper and fabric crafts, leatherwork, model making, and graphic arts. It requires knowledge about numerous varieties of book structures along with all the internal and external details of assembly.
A working knowledge of the materials involved is required. A book craftsman needs a minimum set of hand tools but with experience will find an extensive collection of secondary hand tools and even items of heavy equipment that are valuable for greater speed, accuracy, and efficiency.